Kizito Okechukwu | November 22, 2023
Amongst the many names, such as go-getters, innovators, job creators, SMMEs and startups, that President Cyril Ramaphosa called the entrepreneurs gathered at the 2nd National Presidential SMME Awards, the one that resonated with me was ‘hustlers’.
These awards were very special for many entrepreneurs, not only because many of them walked away with prizes ranging from R100k to R1million, but because they coincided with the President’s 71st birthday – many were aghast that he took the time to attend and deliver an empowering keynote speech. This pays testament to the dedication he has given to startup and SMME contributions to the economy. The awards also culminated with the close of the Global Entrepreneurship Week (GEW) 2023, where 40,000 activities took place in 200 countries with over 10million participants.
The President began with, “Hello hustlers, it’s wonderful to have you here and it’s my pleasure to be in your midst”, which incited quite a few hearty giggles and cheers. Now the reason the word ‘hustle’ caught my attention, is that I once debated with a friend on whether we should use the word hustling or not – given the varying definitions of the word. Some perceive it to mean making money through unscrupulous means, others to mean ‘tenderpreneurs’, as well as a jack-of-all-trades – doing any business to make money. In the 2019 movie titled Hustlers by Roger Ebert, it was a group of strippers who lured, drugged and fleeced their wealthy Wall Street clients out of millions.
To sum up, the one definition that stayed with me was the President’s – ‘a group of enterprising individuals determined to succeed; go-getters that never say never and are resilient enough to achieve their passion and see their business get to greater heights’.
Some extract from the President’s speech goes as: “I am delighted to be here this evening among some of the country’s most distinguished entrepreneurial talent. This evening, we celebrate the entrepreneurs who are doing our country proud, as well as the individuals and organizations who work tirelessly to support SMMEs and co-operatives. As a country, we need to get behind our entrepreneurs and SMMEs and strengthen the ecosystem that supports them.
This is even more pressing given the volatile global times we live in. Our prospects for a faster and more sustained recovery after COVID-19 have been set back amidst continued supply chain disruptions, high inflation and depressed market demand.
Governments are under pressure to stimulate the economy and to provide more social relief, but with reduced fiscal resources. Focusing on SMMEs and cooperatives can trigger growth, create jobs and build a more inclusive economy. I am encouraged by the work being done by the Department of Small Business Development.
Almost exactly one year ago to this day we launched the third iteration of the country’s SMME strategy, what we call the National Small Enterprise Development Strategic Framework. The Framework aims to use resources within the broader eco-system to build practical partnerships that enable entrepreneurship and SMME growth.
As part of this effort, we are establishing a new one-stop small enterprise agency that will bring together the Small Enterprise Development Agency – SEDA – the Small Enterprise Finance Agency – SEFA – and the Co-operatives Banks Development Agency.
The Strategic Framework calls for concrete partnerships and actions in four areas.
First, we need to tackle the red-tape and regulatory burdens that frustrate SMMEs.
The Department of Small Business Development has identified 29 pieces of legislation which create regulatory impediments for small businesses. We are developing an implementation plan to address these obstacles. The National Small Enterprise Amendment Bill is currently before Parliament. Once adopted, it will, among other tasks, establish a Small Enterprise Ombuds Office that can tackle unfair practices and non-payment of SMMEs.
The Department of Small Business Development is also streamlining business licensing processes, with the Businesses Licensing Amendment Bill soon to be gazetted. But there is much more to be done. We know some of the frustrations which tech startups in particular have with foreign exchange controls that impede inward flows of venture capital, and affect the local registration of intellectual property. I have tasked our Red Tape Reduction Unit, which has been established in the Presidency, to work with the Ministers of Small Business Development, Science and Innovation, and Finance, to solve these regulatory burdens.
The second area of focus for the National Small Enterprise Development Strategic Framework is to address market concentration and enable market access, especially for SMMEs owned by women, youth and other underserved communities. Here the Competition Commission has done excellent work identifying and addressing anti-competitive behaviour and collusive practices in the private sector. The recent work done in the retail sector, which has resulted in shopping malls phasing out exclusivity agreements, is a case in point. We have tilted state procurement to benefit SMMEs, especially those from designated groups.
We have also had success in opening private sector supply chains through our Enterprise Supplier Development programs, but more needs to be done to open these opportunities for township and rural enterprises.
I applaud the work that the Department of Small Business Development is doing through its Localization Policy, linking SMME products and services to markets. We must be alive to how markets are shifting and the new opportunities that present themselves, for example in the green and digital economies. There are also the BRICS, AGOA and AfCFTA markets, which we are supporting through trade shows and business-to business linkages.
According to Statistics SA, the contribution of SMMEs to total business turnover in South Africa is growing. Ten years ago, SMMEs contributed 25 percent of total business turnover, with large enterprises contributing the rest.
By 2021, the contribution of SMMEs had increased to 33 percent of business turnover.
We can see the positive impact of state procurement policy in sectors like construction, where the contribution of SMMEs increased from 39 percent of business turnover in 2013, to 63 percent in 2021.
This is significant progress. There is no doubt that we are moving in the right direction. We just need to increase the scale and pace.
The third area of focus for the Strategic Framework is access to finance. This is perhaps the greatest challenge that SMMEs and co-operatives face, especially start-ups. The World Bank estimates the SMME credit gap in our country to be as high as R500 billion.
Our approach as government is to provide loans and blended finance to higher risk SMMEs and start-ups that banks ordinarily will not touch. We also de-risk lending from banks and non-bank financial institutions through credit guarantees and first loss facilities. We are seeing some success in these instruments and as such we are looking at various ways to get more funding for the development finance institutions that will be directed solely towards SMMES and co-operatives. We continue to partner with non-state financial institutions to fill the gap. Since it was established in 2012, SEFA having disbursed more than R15 billion to 642,000 SMMEs, creating and sustaining more than 850,000 jobs. Since 2005, the National Empowerment Fund has approved transactions of over R23 billion, leveraging the government’s initial capitalization of R2.4 billion as well as funding from private banks and other DFIs. This has contributed to over 124,000 jobs in the country. There are several other DFIs that finance SMMEs, including the Industrial Development Corporation, the Land Bank, the newly launched R1.2 billion Tourism Equity Fund as well as many provincial DFIs. We have decided that at least half of all DFI finance should go to SMMEs, and we are looking at how this can be better coordinated.
The fourth and final area of focus in the Strategic Framework is entrepreneurship support. If we get this right, we can change the country’s fortunes. For this 6th Administration, we set a target of establishing new 100 small enterprise incubators.
We have to date established 110 with another 11 under development. We do this in partnership with the private sector, universities and TVET colleges. It is encouraging that the number of people engaged in entrepreneurial activity has significantly increased.
According to the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor, the percentage of the working-age population involved in business start-ups in South Africa increased from 6.5 percent in 2001 to 17.5 percent in 2021. This clearly reaffirms what our National Development Plan envisioned, the creation of 11 million jobs by 2030 with 9 million of these coming from small enterprises. We just need to scale up our interventions to create a conducive environment for SMMEs, and on board other eco-system partners, especially the private sector, to play their part.
To the entrepreneurs here this evening and to the many other across the country, our people depend on your innovation and entrepreneurship to create the opportunities that will enable them to get the jobs they need.
As I conclude, let me congratulate the winners and the runners-up. You have gone through a rigorous selection process and thoroughly deserve to be here. It is your dynamism and drive that will revitalize our economy and improve our global competitiveness.
I also salute all ecosystem partners gathered here tonight. Finally, let me thank Minister Stella Ndabeni-Abrahams and her team for organizing these awards, as well as the corporate sponsors for making it happen.
We have exceptional talent in this country and it is fantastic that tonight we can recognize this talent and celebrate its contribution to improving the fortunes of our country”.
In closing, as Open AI founder Sam Altman famously said, “Plenty of people can tell you how to be successful, but not everyone knows from personal experience. How do you decide whose advice to take and whose to ignore? A simple rule is this: heed the talk of those who walk the walk. If someone has achieved the exact outcome you’re aiming for, listen to what they have to say. If they haven’t, proceed with caution”.
And I can confidently say that entrepreneurs are the ones that walk the walk and walk the talk. They are the future of any progressive country and they are the ones that can help solve our economic and unemployment issues.
Kizito Okechukwu is the Executive head of 22 On Sloane, Africa’s largest startup campus; and co-chair of the Global Entrepreneurship Network (GEN) Africa
22 On Sloane is the largest startup campus in Africa. The campus offers disruptive startups and innovative SMEs a complete turnkey solution to scale, from the initial idea all the way to commercialisation, funding opportunities and access to markets. Its aim is to nurture the entrepreneurial mindset, ensure their sustainability, and explore development of new industries and contribute towards job creation in Africa.
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